What are the signs?
The symptoms of testicular cancer include
Sometimes other symptoms may be present, such as
What are risk factors?
There is no evidence that an injury or a sporting strain increases the risk of developing testicular cancer. Risk factors include
What does self-examination entail?
Cancers which are found early are the most easily treated. The best way to check for testicular cancer is to examine yourself once a month. A good time to do this is after a warm bath or shower, when the scrotal skin is relaxed. Hold your scrotum in the palms of your hands, so that you can use the fingers and thumb on both hands to examine your testicles. Note the size and weight of the testicles. It is common to have one testicle slightly larger, or which hangs lower than the other, but any noticeable increase in size or weight many mean something is wrong. Gently feel each testicle individually. You should feel a soft tube at the top and back of the testicle. This is the epididymis which carries and stores sperm. It may feel slightly tender. Don't confuse it with an abnormal lump. You should be able to feel the firm, smooth tube of the spermatic cord which runs up from the epididymis. Feel the testicle itself. It should be smooth with no lumps or swellings. It is unusual to develop cancer in both testicles at the same time, so if you are wondering whether a testicle is feeling normal or not you can compare it with the other. Remember - if you do find a swelling in your testicle, make an appointment and have it checked by your doctor as soon as possible.
If you have any of the above symptoms, contact your GP!
Thanks to the Imperial Cancer Research fund for the above information See our links page to contact the Irish Cancer Society and check out the Irish health.com page for further information.